Articles – a, an, the

Use and Form

We use a or an in front of singular, countable nouns. We use an  in front of nouns that start with a vowel and a in front of nouns that start with a consonant:

A book / a window

An actress / an exam

 

We use  a when it doesn’t matter which person or thing we are talking about, or when we talk about the person or thing for the first time:

We need a car.

They have a big garden. (I’m talking about it for the first time)

 

We use the when we talk about a person or thing again and the other person knows who or what it is:

They have a cat and a dog. The dog is dangerous.

Feed the dog. She is hungry. (our dog)

 

There are a lot of phrases without articles:

At night, at home, at school, in hospital, in bed, by train, by plane, by taxi, before lunch, after dinner, go to school, go to work, go home, have breakfast, have lunch.

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