Tenses

Past, Present, and Future Tenses

PAST
1. Past Simple

Use the past simple to talk about finished events in the past. Use it to tell stories, jokes, and anecdotes.
a) Form positive this way : Subject + V2
Ex : We went to France every year
b) Form negatives this way : Subject + didn’t + infinitive verb
Ex : I didn’t have dinner
c) Form question this way : Did + Subject + infinitive verb
Ex : Did you see the film?
2. Past Continuous

Use the past to ‘set the scene’ of astory before describing what happened.
Ex : Some kids were playing football nearby.

Use the past continuous to talk about an action which happened for some time in the past and was then interrupted.
Ex : I was cooking dinner when suddenly there was a knock at the door.

Use the past continuous to talk about events that were in progress at a certain time.
Ex : At 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, I was driving home from work

Form :
Positive : Subject + Was/Were + Verb+ing
Negative : Subject +Wasn’t/Weren’t + Verb+ing
Question : Was/Were + Subject + Verb+ing +?
3. Past Perfect

The past perfect is a narrative tense. This means it is used when telling a story about the past. The past perfect describes an event which happened before another event in the past. We use it when we do not want to say he events in the order they happened.
Ex : Rio went to the shop on the way home from work, so he got home late

Form : Subject + had/hadn’t + past participle
4. Past Perfect Continuous

The past perfect continuous is used when telling a story about the past. It is generally used alongside other narrative tenses such as the past simple.
Ex : John was having trouble sleeping, so he went to the doctor late.

 

PRESENT

1. Present Simple

Sentences in the present simple tense are true all the time.
Form positive this way : Subject + V1+s/es + O
Form negative this away : Subject + don’t/doesn’t + V1
Form question this away : Do/Does + Subject + V1 + ?

Ex : My dad washes the car on Sundays
2. Present Continuous

Use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening now.
Ex : Ellen is having a bath at the moment

Form :Subject + am/is/are +Verb+ing
3. Present Perfect

The present perfect is used for several reasons:
 Use it to describe events that happened in the past and ¬are still true now because you can see the result.
Ex : Davis has pointed his house
 Use it to describe experiences in your life.
Ex : I’ve been to Bengkulu three times in my life
 Use it to describe events that started in the past an are still happening now.
Ex : John has worked here for 10 years ( and he works here now)
4. Present Perfect Continuous

Use present perfect continuous in two situatios :
 You started something in the past and you are still doing it now.
Ex : I’ve been working all morning (and I’m still working now)
 You have just finished doing something. The effects of this activity can still be seen.
Ex : I’ve been gardening, so my hands are dirty

 

FUTURE

1. Future Perfect

Use the future perfect to talk about an event that will be finished and complete before a specified time in the future.
Ex : This time next week , I will have finished this project
2. Future Perfect Continuous

Use the future perfect continuous to talk about an event that will be in progress for some time before a specified time in the future.
Ex : Janet will be really tired when we get home. ¬She will have been looking after the children all day.

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